Surah Fatiha for Past, Present & Future
Bismillah-ir -Rahman-ar-Rahim Surah Fatiha
Assalamualaikum Wa rahmatullah'
Brothers & Sisters, we are living in an era of darkness and
destruction (where kufr reigns?); the world is in turmoil, our muslim
lands are being ravaged and our brothers and sisters are in despair.
However, their imaan and Tawakkal , their faith and trust in Allah
remains firm and gives them the strength and perseverance to continue
14 centuries ago, the light of Islam appeared and the message spread
elevating the people from the darkness and doom they were sitting in
to the honour and glory that Allah(swt) had ordained for them. It is
this same light- the ideology of Islam that we today need to
strictly adhere to, in order to worship our Creator the way He wants
us to , and in order to bring the muslims back to the honoured and
respected positions that we should be in.
Islam was revealed in a society which practiced idolatry, where
tribes worshipped the jinns, the sun and whatever. Oppression was
normalised under the unjust tribal system that ruled. The basic
rights of the people were violated consistently, and the society was
engulfed in jahilliyah (ignorance).
. Does this sound so different from the society we live in
. Today, are not idols worshipped as well, in the form of pop
stars, footballers and other celebrities?
. Do we not see oppression and suffering rampant under the
cruel man-made system of Capitalism?
. Does this society protect the basic rights of people whether
it is the old or the young?
Let me remind you here of all the paedophilia cases you've heard
about through the media, and the thousands of elderly people dying in
nursing homes due to neglect. We also are in a state of jahilliyah.
This secular society ensures that hearts & minds are kept empty of
guidance and reflection & kept full of selfish desires and vain
thoughts - solely using benefit & harm as the shallow yardstick
right & wrong.
Capitalism has manufactured a society of robots and animals -
don't think & just seek to fulfil their desires, working to earn
money, to spend whether on , cars, women, fame,excitement, anything
to escape from reality.
can we call this an enlightened society? Is this what life is all
about? Is this what we want?
kufr means concealing the truth, taking people away from the truth.
Deception and kufr is precisely what the West is offering. Corrupt
western lifestyle is sugar-coated and forcibly sold everywhere, the
people are brainwashed, mesmorised and duped into believing that this
lifestyle is good and that this life is paradise. But it is this
same deception and kufr that prevents us from answering the big three
question in the correct manner -
where have we come from?
what is our purpose in this life?
what happens when we die?
The sun is the most popular newspaper, this tells us a lot about this
society, but this won't tell us the answers about life
Man, due to his imitations, needs guidance in all of his affairs.
For that guidance, should he turn to another man or set of men who
are likewise limited? Does that make sense to you? It doesn't
sense to me yet it does to the west and their democracy.
With this in mind inshaAllah I would like to discuss Surah Fatiha as
this `umm al Kitaab' (Mother of the Book) is a dua to
guidance, focusing our attention on the purpose of life.
Inshaallah, through the pondering & contemplation of the beautiful
meaning of this surah we will be more able appreciate the
significance & great importance of it.
Surah Al Fatiha
Alhamdulillahir rabbil alameen, ar Rahman ir Raheem....
Surat Al Fatiha, is read at least 17 times a day for those who just
pray the fard. Those who pray the sunnah, nafilah & tahajjud will
read it many more times as we should be doing.
Surah Al Fatiha has many names attributed to it -
It was called Salah because reciting it is a condition of prayer; no
prayer is valid without reciting surah fatihah in each rakah as the
prophet (saw) said:
Laa swalaata liman lam yaq ra' bifatihatil kitaab
There is no prayer for the one who does not recite surat al Fatiha
This Surah of the holy qur'an possesses a no. of merits:
- The holy Qur'an begins with it
- The prescribed prayer begins with it
- And even in the order of revelation this is the first surah
to be revealed in its complete form.
Perhaps this is why the surah has been named as
Kitaab Fathihattul- The opening of the book
The other important point of the surah is that it is the core of the
holy Qur'an and the rest of the Qur'an is its elaboration.
Perhaps this is why Surah Al Fatiha is also known as
Umm ul Quran - The mother of the Quran
Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated about Umm ul Qur'an that the prophet
" It is umm ul Qur'an, the seven repeated verses and the
He (Ra) also narrated that the Prophet (saw) said:
" By him in whose hand is my soul! Allah has never revealed in
torah, the injil, the Zabur or the furqan, a surah, which can be
compared with the opening chapter of the Qur'an and no other
of the Qur'an itself, can compare.
Surah Fatiha is Makkan & comprises of seven verses.
- Of these the first three are in praise of Allah and his
- The 4 th verse an aspect of praise and prayer/ declaration.
- While the last three contain a request or a prayer on the
part of man, which Allah himself has, in his infinite mercy, taught
The Sahih of Muslim reports from the blessed companion Abu hurayrah
(RA) narrated that M(saw) said:
"Allah has said, the salah (ie. Surah fatihah) is equally divided
between me and my servant. And my servant shall be given what he
prays for" The prophet cont.
"When the servant says:
Alhadulillillahi rabbil alameen - Praise belongs to Allah, the
of the worlds
Allah Says: " my servant has paid his homage to me"
When he says Ar rahman ar raheem - The all merciful, the very
Allah says: My servant has praised me.
When servant says: Maliki yaw madden - Master of the day of
Allah says: " My sevant has proclaimed my greatness
When servant says: iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nastaeen
Allah says: " this verse is common to me and my servant. He
given what he prays for.
The first verse -Bismillahir rahmanir Raheem - In the name of
Ar Rahman ar Raheem - the most gracious, most merciful.
The Qur'an instructs us numerous times to begin whatever we do
the name of Allah. By instructing man to begin everything with the
name of Allah- Islam has given to the whole of his life an
orientation towards Allah - so that he may with each step he
renew his allegiance to the
covenant of Allah- La illaha illalah mohammadur rasullallah
The surah begins with the words Alhamdulillah, signifying that all
praise essentially belongs to Allah. Whoever praises anything
anywhere in the world is ultimately praising Allah. This world
contains millions of things, which compel man's attention and
admiration for their beauty and usefulness, but if we look behind the
veil of appearances, one would find in each and everything the
manifestation of the same creative power. Admiring anything that
exists in the created world is no more than showing one's
for a work of art, which is a praise of the creator.
If there is only one being in the whole universe that inherently
deserves all praise, it necessarily follows from it that this being
alone should be worthy of adoration and worship. Thus we can see that
although the phrase Alhamdulilah, has been used to signify praise-
yet by implication, it cuts the very root of Shirk or the worship of
created beings, and at the same time brings out in a self-evident
manner the first and the basic principle of the Islamic creed -
Tawheed - oneness of Allah.
The next phrase - Rabb - speaks of an attribute of Allah
- there's no
one proper equivalent word for rabbin the English language - the
& only lord for all the universe, it's creator, owner, organiser,
provider, planner & sustainer - just to name a few - He is the
in all of these.
Al Amin is the plural of Alam ( world, universe, kingdom) includes
all possible forms of existence: the sky, the earth, the sun, the
moon, stars, angels, jinn, animal, and men.
We are limited and dependant - we are insignificant to the size
the universe- this should reflect our humility in the sight of Allah.
So Rabbil Alameen - The lord of the worlds means that Allah gives
nurture to all the forms existense that are to be found in the
universe. The universe reveals itself to be an incredibly complex,
yet perfectly integrated order. From the heavens to the earth, from
the planets and the stars to the particles of dust, everything is
bound in a chain of being, and is performing the function assigned to
it by divine wisdom. The universal order is there for man to
contemplate, and to realise that, if Allah has put millions of his
creatures in the service of man, man in his turn cannot be worthless
or purposeless or meaningless.
Allah (swt) says:
It is Allah who gave you the sun and moon for light; who ordered them
in their orbits that you may reckon the seasons and years. He created
all this in truth; and he clarifies the evidence to those who have
the mind to know. In the succession of day and night, as in all that
Allah created in heaven and earth, are evident signs to those who
fear Allah (10:5-6)
The Qur'an is indeed very explicit and very insistent in
that the universe is not absurd.
Allah (swt) says:
Wamaa khalqnas samaa' a walarda wama baynahuma batilan zaa lika
zannullazina kafaru fawaylullillazina kafaru minnar (38:27)
We have not created in vain the heavens and the earth and what lies
between them. That is the fancy of the disbelievers. But woe to the
disbelievers in the fire of hell.
If the universe is not in vain or absurd, man can not be purposeless
and meaningless. The Qur'an defines the divine purpose in
man and the goal of his existence:
I have not created the jinn and mankind except to worship me. (51:56)
The second verse Ar Rahman ar Raheem respectively means the most
gracious most merciful.
The reference to this particular attribute in this situation is
perhaps intended to be a reminder of the fact. . If this whole
universe did not exist, he would not suffer any loss; if it does
exist, it is no burden to him.
The third verse pays homage to Allah as -
Maliki yaw middin
- The master of the day of judgement.
What is the day of judgement?
The day of judgement is the day appointed by Allah to recompense good
or evil deeds. The world is only the field of action, the place where
one is required to perform one's duty.
Allah (swt) says:
Wamay ya'mal miskala zarratin khayrayyara
Wamay ya'mal miskal zarratin sharrayyara
For every atoms weight of good u shall c it
And every atoms weight of bad u shall c it (100:7-8)
Every deed good/ evil - big/ small would be judged and rewarded or
The holy Qur'an has explained the whole idea:
Allah (swt) says:
The blind are not equal with the seeing, or the wrong doers with
those who believe and do good deeds. Yet you seldom reflect. The hour
of retribution is sure to come; no doubt about it, yet most people do
not believe. (40:58-59)
The first two verses of the surah (Alhamd rabbil - rahman raheem)
reminds us that as far as our past and present are concerned, we owe
everything to Allah alone, for it is Allah who created us out of
nothing, endowed us with the best form in the universe, and with
reason, and continues to nurture us in the present.
The third verse: (Maliki yaw mid din) - Master of the day of
judgemnt - tells us that in the future too we shall depend on
alone, for on the day of judgemnt - no one has any helpers other
The three verses having made it clear that we are totally and
absolutely dependant on Allah in all our 3 states of life. Past,
Present & future
Therefore it is natural and logical to lead us to the conclusion that
Allah alone is worthy of being worshipped and leads us to the fourth
Iyya kana' budu -wa iyya ka nastaeen -
You alone we worship and from you alone we seek help.
It is also a declaration that all our worship/ obedience is to Allah
This is the basic principle of tawheed.
Tauhiyd comes from the verb wahhad which literally means to unite. In
Islamic terminology, it means to realize and maintain the unity of
All‚h in one's actions (inwardly and outwardly). The actual word
tauhiyd does not occur in the Quran or Sunnah though the present
tense of the verb (from which tauhiyd is derived) is used in Sunnah.
The Prophet sent Muadh ibn Jabal as governor of Yemen in 9 A.H. He
told him, "You will going to the people of the book, so first invite
yuwahhidu All‚h [them to the assertion of the oneness of
One aqspect of tawheed I would like to discuss
tauhiyd al-`ibadah: The implementation of tauhiyd is a fulfillment of
the shahada. This is the reason that messengers were sent and books
revealed. This is the belief, recognition, and knowledge that
All‚h has the position of God over all His creation. It is the
rejection of of worship of anything other than All‚h.
worship such as: purity of intention, gratitude, love, fear, hope,
awe, repentance, putting one's trust, seeking aid and assistance,
seeking guidance, as well as the obvious acts such as salah (ritual
worship), being good to one's parents, supplication, sacrifice,
jihad, etc. The person will not have any goal other than pleasing
his Lord and attaining His rewards.
A significant part of tawhid al ibadah is the implementation of
divine law and this aspect is referred to as tauhid al hakamiyah (
the oneness of allah with respect to his rule.
On tauhiyd al-hakamiyah: Submission to All‚h, alone, encompasses
worshipping and obeying Him, alone. Associating partners with
with respect to His rule and associating partners with Him in worship
are one and the same thing. Whoever follows a legal system other than
All‚h's is like one who prostrates to an idol. All rulers who have
changed the laws of All‚h or rulers who rule in accordance with
something other than Shari`ah (Divine Law) must be rejected and
opposed. The refusal to rule according to what All‚h had revealed
violates every aspect of tauhiyd. It violates tauhiyd ar-rububiyah
because All‚h alone is in full charge of His creation and He
all of its affairs. To rule by something else is to set up gods with
All‚h. It violates tauhiyd al-asma was-sifaat because Al-Hakam
only Judge, The only Decider, The only Ruler) is one of the beautiful
names of All‚h. It violates tauhiyd al-`ibadah because All‚h
to be submitted to.
"The dominion [(i'nil hukmu) i.e, of rule and judgement] is for none
but All‚h. He commanded that you worship none but Him. That is the
straight deen [judgement or religion]" (Qur'‚n, Sura' Yusuf: 40)
In Sura at-Tauba, All‚h tells us that the Jews and the Christians
took their rabbis and monks as lords. When All‚h's Messenger was
reciting this verse, `Adi bin Hatim contradicted the Messenger
saying, "they don't worship them." The Messenger replied, "they
certainly do. [They] made lawful things as unlawful and unlawful
things as lawful. And they (Jews and Christians) followed them and by
doing so, they worshipped them."
Which means that Allah must be worshipped alone in everything ranging
from spiritual to the political.
One of the most critical and essential aspects of the Islamic aqeedah
is its comprehensiveness.
The Islamic aqeedah is a spiritual- political creed.
The decisive belief in the existence of Allah (swt), the day of
judgement, the concept of reward and punishment, make the Islamic
creed a spiritual one. At the same time, the concepts related to al
qadr, the concept of good and evil, legislation, the laws of buying
and selling, marriage, the appointment of the khaleefah, and jihad,
make the Islamic creed a political one.
In every aspect of our life we have to worship Allah (SWT) fulfil and
remain within the framework of the shariah: halal and haram.
As Muslims we do not follow our desires, as this will be worshipping
As Muslims we do not follow or obey men or man made systems. As this
will be worshipping besides Allah
As Muslims we seek help from Allah alone not the kuffar -
Kul inna swaalati wa nusuki ma mahyaya wamamati lillahi rabbil a
Say: truly my prayer & my sacrifice, my life & my death are all for
Allah the cherisher of the worlds.
The latter 3 verses of the surah - prayer for guidance
Ihdinaas siratul mustaqim
Guide us in the straight path,
The teaching with regard to the prayer for being guided in the
straight path is addressed equally to all men & Muslims.
Guidance is general, and covers everything that exists in the
universe - plants, animal, etc..
Allah (swt) says:
Nothing exists that does not celebrate his praise, but you do not
understand their mode of praising. (17:44)
He (swt) also says:
He gave everything its distinctive form and then guided it (20:50)
Guidance has come to every man through prophets and revealed books
some accept this guidance and become Muslim while others reject &
Ibn juzay - taqwa
The last two verses of the surah define and identify the straight
path, something man has been prompted to pray for.
Seeratal lazeena an amta alayhim
The path of those on whom you have bestowed your grace.
As to who these people are, another verse gives us details
Allah (swt) says:
Those whom Allah has blessed, namely, the prophets, the siddiqin, the
shuhada, and the righteous (4:69)
Among them all the prophets are the greatest.
The siddiqin - The constantly true
The shuhada - Martyrs
The salaihin - righteous - who follow the shariah completely and
Special guidance is given to the true believers - Mu'minun
- and the
god fearing Muttakin. Allah's grace provides man with the means
makes it easy to act upon the guidance. This form of guidance is a
requirement of man to make progress in the performance of good deeds.
An increase in good deeds is an increase in divine guidance Allah
promises this to us.
Wal lazeenahtadu zaadahum hudan
As for those who follow the straight path, Allah will increase their
It is in this field of progress that we see even the Prophets and
sahaba striving, and it is an increase in divine guidance and help
that they keep seeking to their last breath.
The last verse
Ghayrul maghdhubi alayhim waladhallin
Not of those who have incurred your wrath, nor of those who have gone
Those who have incurred Allah's wrath are the people, who in
being quite familiar with the commands of Allah wilfully go against
them so they can fulfil their desires.
This was the general condition of the Jews who were ready to
sacrifice their religion for the sake of benefit and sometimes even
killed their prophets.
This description resembles the leaders in the Muslim world who sell
Muslim blood for the sake of benefit and obey the orders of their
The essential meaning of the verse is that, in praying for the
straight path, we do not ask for the path of those who are slaves to
their desires, taking part of the qur'an which benefits us and
the rest which is difficult for us.
To conclude surah Fatiha is required for everyone, in every situation
and for everything one does, it is the prayer for being guided in the
straight path, and maintaining consistency in the worship of thy
Rabb, furthermore one remains focus when one truly comprehends the
true essence of this surah. For surely success in the hereafter
depends on taking the straight path which leads one to the desired
destination, paradise. InshaAllah jannat-ul firdous .
This prayer should be constantly on the lips and in the heart of the
Muslim - never as an empty verbal exercise, but with sincere
intention and with the meaning of the words fully present in the
Islam is a great power that gives a tremendous energy to those who
believe in it, as it is the deen from the creator. Allah (swt) sent
Rasool Allah (saw) with the message of Islam to elevate people from
the darkness of jahilliyah to the light of Islam, from worshipping
the needy created for the worship of the creator alone, from the
injustices of the man made laws to the justice of Allah's laws.
gave us light to understand our problems, and gave us the way to
solve them and implement them. Indeed, Islam is the deen from the
supreme (swt) given to mankind to organise society, leading to the
tranquillity, harmony & for the happiness of mankind. Allah (swt)
changed the Arabs of the peninsula and he will change our situation
Jafar bin abu talib to the negus in Abysinnia
We were an uncivilised people, worshipping idols, eating corpses,
commiting abominations, breaking natural ties, treating guests badly,
and our strong devoured the weak. Thus we were until god sent us an
apostle whose lineage, truth trustworthinessand clemency we know. He
summoned us to acknowledge god's unity and to worship him and to
renounce the stones and images we and our forefathers formerly
worshipped. He commanded us to speak the truth, be faithful to our
It is fundamental for us to hold on to the Islamic way of life, in
its totality, and to have confidence that, as a result, Allah will
grant us success both in this world and in the hereafter. Ameen
Mohammed Khalil Abdullah
M: 07958 186161
Barak Allahu Feekum
W'ssalaamu'alaikum W Rahmatullahi W barakatuhu